Channel One (Russian: Первый канал) is the principal TV slot to communicate in the Russian Federation. Its base camp is situated at Ostankino Technical Center close to the Ostankino Tower in Moscow. First, among Russia's nationwide channels, Channel One has in excess of 250 million watchers around the world. From 1995 to 2002 the station was known as Public Russian Television (Russian: Общественное Российское Телевидение, tr. Obshchestvennoye Rossiyskoye Televideniye, ORT) or Russian Public Television.
At the point when the Soviet Union was canceled, the Russian Federation took over the vast majority of its structures and organizations. One of the principal demonstrations of Boris Yeltsin's new government was his marking of a presidential pronouncement on 27 December 1991, accommodating Russian purview over the focal TV framework. The 'All-Union State TV and Radio Company' (Gosteleradio) was changed into the 'Russian State TV and Radio Company Ostankino'.
A presidential pronouncement of 30 November 1994 changed Ostankino into a shut business entity, Russian Public TV (Obshchestvennoe Rossiyskoye Televidenie or ORT). The offers were dispersed between state offices (51%) and private investors, including various banks (49%). The halfway privatization was propelled by the terrible money related circumstance of Ostankino inferable from gigantic transmission costs and enlarged finance (absolute staff of around 10,000 in mid-1995).
Following the 1998 monetary breakdown, the channel got an administration advance of $100 million from state-controlled bank Vneshekonombank. Additionally in 1998, the shut business entity was changed into an open stock organization. Be that as it may, controlling decisions on the top managerial staff stayed in the possession of structures connected to then-Kremlin-associated financial specialist Boris Berezovsky. On account of this situation, Berezovsky had the option to safeguard authority over the channel's incomes just as over its publication line until 2002.